How to Grow Marijuana Outdoors – Guide to Guides

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When to plant marijuana outdoors (continental U.S.):

How to grow outdoors

“After completing my first season I’ve learned a lot about growing outdoors. And would like o share my knowledge and experience.”

Outdoor Cannabis Growers Guide

December, 1992

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About the Authors

We have been outdoor growers since 1980 and have had relatively small yearly harvests every year since l983. We have grown Indica and Sativa strains and also hybrids (mixing the two together). Our horticulture has taken place largely in fields in New York and New Jersey. The goal of this paper is to allow others to produce their own, and to reduce the amount of marijuana traded on the street. As more individuals become divorced from having to sell and purchase fine erb, then we as consumers will become self- sufficient and will also be able to minimize the risk of being caught. Unfortunately, the ignorant powers that be continue to persecute marijuana smokers for political reasons. We should take responsibility for our habits and grow for our own consumption thereby eliminating the “buy and sell game”. Although the marijuana trade is not known for attracting ruthless people, it none the less is a “black market” activity that many wish to avoid.

Some people may read this paper with the hope that they can grow acres of reefer that will bring them riches. Unfortunately the gold rush as it pertains to weed has come and gone. The police confiscate patches of pot annually through the use of aerial infrared photography, and large plots are spotted much more frequently than small plots. This guide is not designed to be the erb growers bible, but to provide easy steps on how to cultivate small amounts of marijuana for personal consumption. There are people who know more about growing weed than we do, but the marijuana growing literature still lacks a brief explanation of how to produce outdoor kind bud in easy steps. Our hope is that this paper can serve that purpose.

We want to thank the many people who helped us acquire skill in this realm (our assumption is that they want to remain anonymous). Any error or omission is our doing and we take full responsibility.

All rights of this publication are not reserved. Anyone may duplicate this document in full or part. Please distribute liberally!

Table of Contents
Acquiring Good Seeds
Finding a Site
Making a Trail
The Mechanics of Growing
a. Preparing the Soil
b. Planting
c. Weeding
d. Removing Males
e. The Fungus
f. Emergency Visits
The Harvest
When to Harvest




Contrary to popular belief, marijuana grows well in many place on the North American continent. It will flourish even if the temperature does not raise above 75 degrees. 

Its takes work but grow weed the correct way and the harvest will be splendid.

The marijuana plants do need a minimum of eight hours of sunlight per day and should be planted in late April/early May, BUT DEFINITELY, after the last frost of the year.

WELCOME – Cannabis Growing Guide

Welcome to WeedFarmer’s Cannabis Growing Guide!

There are few things in life as good as your own weed, grown by yourself at home out in the garden and indoors in pots…

Most people think of gardens as a seasonal, yearly project, but it is actually less time consuming and more rewarding to keep the garden going year round. If one were to attempt to grow year round, indoor gardening techniques will be needed at least during winter to keep the garden producing. You will have herb fresh at all times, there is no worry of mass storage thru the winter and spring, it requires less space, and once established, requires only minimal attention every week to keep it producing at optimal levels.

The best part of being a gardener is it connects you to the earth. It connects you with nature, and is spiritually enriching. Try giving your plants energy by beaming good thoughts and energy at them every time you visit them. I find this helps me as much as it helps them; my plants seem to respond to it favorably.

Good luck!


Growing Marijuana Outdoors


Tom, an American, is one of the most successful growers I have ever interviewed. His methods are extremely simple and easy. He is a smart, lazy man who pays attention to Mother Nature. Tom’s complete and simple understanding of plant growth makes him a very successful guerilla grower. These simple concepts are key to assimilating guerilla growing.

Wild marijuana plants are vigorous, aggressive, competitive weeds. Some varieties have a large root system which helps them survive moisture stress and poor soil. Plants spaced at least 10 feet apart will grow to a height of 3 – 5 feet in dry climates. Cannabis is a survivor. Given control of a growing area of 4 to 12 square feet, in poor soil, mature plants will grow to about 5 feet tall with a strong terminal main bud or cola. The yield is relatively heavy considering the amount of cultivation work. Add a little more effort during soil preparation and planting to grow several times more dope. Loosen the soil, amend it a little and throw in a handful of polymers*.

Cover the soil around the plant with a thick layer of natural mulch to attract condensed water and to keep soil moisture from evaporating. Just these simple measures may double the yield. *polymer crystals are small crystals that expand to about 15 times their size when moistened by water. They are added to soil to prolong time between watering.


Outdoor Seeds:

Sensi Seeds Outdoor Mix
 25 seeds!

The 25 high-quality seeds in this assortment are a random mix of the five Indica varieties from the Sensi Seeds Outdoor collection – Early Girl, Early Skunk, Ruderalis Skunk, Ruderalis Indica and Guerrilla’s Gusto – all of which can be grown together with great success.

Growers with a good eye for Indica can often identify their favourite breeds soon after the onset of blooming, while first-time cultivators can hone their cannabis-senses and learn lots more through careful observation of the different plants and their subtle variations. The differences in form, flavours and flowering patterns will become more obvious as the outdoor season progresses.

This mix of Indica strains provides outdoor growers with a varied yet complementary range of plants for their garden. Starting a good number of seeds from the Outdoor Mix should result in examples of all five strains. The first signs of bud will be seen on the auto-flowering strains – Ruderalis Indica, then Ruderalis Skunk – which will go on to reach maturity earlier in the season. By the time the auto-flowering plants have been cut down, the other Indica-dominant plants should be in full bloom. Fast and beautiful Early Girl will be approaching harvest a few weeks later, followed by the hardy Guerrilla’s Gusto. As autumn creeps up on summer, the outstanding Early Skunk and will be at the peak of her resin and flower production, making her ready for harvest in October.

25 seeds!

Homegrown Fantaseeds Outdoor Mix:


Early Grizzly:


Indoor / Outdoor
Stabilized nepali hash plant x Early White Grizzly
3-4 oz based on March 21st start
3-4 ft height
Bushy hash plant covered in crystal, very potent
Excellent for breeding purposes
Ideal for northern outdoor climates

Finishes Early! Aug. 21st – Sept. 15


Happy Outdoor Mix:


We always try to create new better strains for our growers and improve the quality of our existing seed strains basing on our customers comments. Those experiments produce 100% viable cannabis seeds but not always with exact properties as planned. Genetics you know its not an easy stuff to control – So we sell those little Frankensteins in the Happy Outdoor Mix for all of you to try out – This mix also contains leftovers meaning if we have a fresh harvest of White Widow seeds than we start selling the new seeds and put the old ones in the happy mix container.

Special happy offer…30 happy outdoor mix seeds for only 25.00 euro.

All orders which contains a pack of happy outdoor mix will get 20 extra happy outdoor mix seeds instead of the pack of freebies.

Quantity : 10 seeds
Type : – miscellaneous
Climate : – in- and outdoor
Yield : – miscellaneous
Height : – miscellaneous
Flowering period : – miscellaneous
Harvest : – miscellaneous
Stoned or High : – miscellaneous
THC level : – miscellaneous
Grow Difficulty : – easy





Created from mostly original GodBud(Jordan of the Islands) genetics. Our selections were breed for 1 year in a very hot climate and was test grown indoors and outdoors. The best plants that thrived both indoors and outdoors in hot conditions were selected for breeding. Breed for hot climates like southern Spain and southern California.


Early Sativa:



Short bushy “pure” sativa producing massive buds. Great for guerilla growers. Skunky fruity/taste. Uppy sativa high. Begins flowering when it gets less then 14 hours of light so expect an early start and early finish. Tons of trimming needed with this strain but the large amount of buds easily makes it worth it.

Outdoor Mix:

A mix of early flowering specialties from Secret Valley Seed Company

2 Pounder

Especially for the guerrilla grower, this strain was originally stabilised outdoors in New Zealand. She’s become something of a legend to the locals in the far-north; an average plant! Extreme mould resistance, and a great sativa smell and you have the perfect outdoor cropper, that with a little bending and stretching will do equally well if not better indoors.

Kiwi Seeds Outdoor Mix:

So for those of you who are lucky enough to live in a climate that allows it, Kiwiseeds offer the Outdoor Mix. 15 specially selected seeds from 4 of our best outdoor strains, ‘Daddy’s Girl’ ‘Tasman Haze’ ‘2 Pounder’ and ‘South Star’ all bred for growing outdoors.



As the name indicates, this is a mixture of mostly outdoor lines; Californian Orange, KC-33, Erdbeer, Quicksilver, Diamond, Durban Poison, Black Pearl and others. The BasicSeeds Mix is an economically sound choice for home growers who cherish a great deal of variety and colour in their garden. There is nothing to loose on this one!


Lasqueti Gold:

Outdoor Mix:

Texada Timewarp:

Island Sweet Skunk:

BC Skunk:

BC Sweet Tooth:

Double Fun:

Great Outdoors (Mix):


TNR is a very special Outdoorplant! One parent is a Thailady was grown in the Netherlands for over 28 years crossed with a K.C.2! This strain is a giant under the hemp strains with a real heavy thai influence.

Early Sativa:

A compact sativa bush, great for guerilla growers.
Flowering Time: Outdoor Early September
Approx Yield: moderate to good
Height: 3-4 feet

Fast Girl:

Main cola. Veg 2 weeks for Sea of Green. Early sativa. A 100% sativa that is very easy to grow outdoors. Christmas tree shaped, very potent and has a fruity taste.
Flowering Time: Indoor 8 weeks/Outdoor Mid September
Approx Yield: Indoor 4 Oz per plant / Outdoor 4-12 Oz per plant
Height: 100-300cm

Mountain Bud:

A 40/60 Sativa/Indica cross.Large Christmas tree shape with a perfume smell and sweet, fruity flavor.
Flowering Time: Outdoor Middle of September
Approx Yield: 4 – 12 oz per plant
Height: 6 – 7 feet

Lethal Purple:

Totally dark purple. 80% indica. Strong perfume smell with a sweet flavor and strong stone.
Flowering Time: Outdoor Middle to Late September
Approx Yield: 1 lb per plant
Height: 6 feet


Bonkers is our extra special early outdoor strain. Bred in the wild wet forests of BC, Canada. Very large producer with an extreme amount of resin. 50/50 indica/sativa, Stabilized IBL. Selected for early flower and mold resistance outdoors. Top quality grass indoors or outdoors.

Flowering: Indoor: 45 days
Outdoor: Sept.15-25Genetics: Grapefruit, Burmese, Ruderalis, Purple Indica

Structure: Short, some auto-flower characteristics.

Nirvana Early Special:

Breeder : Nirvana
Flowering Time : 6 – 8 weeks
Environment : Indoor/Outdoor
Seeds Per Pack : 10

Early Special is our earliest flowerer. Its genetics contain Siberian Ruderalis. Some individuals start flowering with 24 hours of light! Early Special is a strong yielder with a low-moderate T.H.C. level. It has a smooth semi fruity taste which can be enhanced under good growing and curing conditions. Early Special has vigorous flowering in good conditions and is disease resistant. This strain is very suitable for beginners.

* Plant type: Best suitable for outdoor growing.
* Plant height: Medium- Indica/Sativa mix
* Stoned or high?: Stoney yet high- Allround Buzz
* THC level: Moderate 5-10%
* Flowering Weeks: 6/8
* Yield (Sea of Green on one m2) : 400-500
* Harvest Month: 8/9
* Grow difficulty: Easy (Good for beginners)


Flash Back is the variety for inside, outside and greenhouse. This variety will grow under any circumstances and produce a nice bud. It is an early flowering Sativa/Indica hybrid. Gives beautiful tall fat tops. When grown outside it shows a little purple in the end. It has a real sweet aroma and an uplifting Sativa High.

Indoors: 7 – 8 weeks

Outdoors: mid October


28 Responses to “How to Grow Marijuana Outdoors – Guide to Guides”

  1. Although cannabis was a medicinal plant for thousands of years, its medical use was suppressed and banned throughout most of the 20th century in the US. During this time, major scientific breakthroughs were made in Israel, Spain, Italy and Brazil. These breakthroughs are propelling the natural plant compounds called cannabinoids into the “wonder drugs of the 21st century”.

    13 states have already legalized medical cannabis.

    More on this topic…
    Cannabis, Miracle Drug of the 21st Century

    Jeffrey Dach MD

  2. Mary Jane Stoner Says:

    I grow outdoors in pots. I never actually plant in the ground. It cuts down risk of being caught and stolen from. I keep my plants in the same spot at night and put them in full sun in a diffrent spot every morning. I seem to have to worry less about pests. Also i read a scientific journal that stated plants watered even germinated with food colloring make the plant more bushy and beautifull and the plants seem to be healthier and also get a tint of color (i use blue and the plant within 30 minutes is consiably darker green). I water the plant with the same color each time of course, and the new growth comes out darkgreen instead of bright green. awesome. I don’t know if the color will dye the buds but i know if you mist the buds with a dye water mix it will dye the buds. I take a standard size bottle (drinking water, pure life to be exact(its distilled) and put 2 drops of green and 20 or so drops of blue (i put enough in the water where the color is so dark no lite comes through.) I’m not trying to decieve any 1 with color i grow strictly for myself skrew selling its pointless you sell abunch make 50 dollars proffit buy again and so on y sell 2 by again y not just grow n smoke. cut the crap if every 1 did this the rode to leagalization (not a good speller) would be shorter the feds wont have to wory about the drug trade if no drug trade exists so git 2 growen evry1.

  3. hey thought you guys might want to check out lots of info on growing cannabis

  4. thanks for all your help

  5. beachdave Says:

    I live in Southern California, between LA and San Diego, and I have a very private backyard garden. This is my first year of growing [outdoors only] and it has been remarkably successful. The only thing I can’t seem to find out is how long I can plant for. Is there a time I should NOT plant? I have planted in April, May, June and right up until today, the last day of July. When should I stop?

  6. Hi Dave,

    Check out the tomato zone maps on the blog here.

    have a peaceful day,

  7. Randy Fleck Says:

    In your how to grow out doors guide you refered to “herb” as “dope” that is wrong “dope”is heroin or opiates…Please lets call it what it is “herb” or “meds”…BUT NEVER call it “dope”…FOOL!

  8. Hello Randy,

    I agree with you I try not to use the term “dope.” I didn’t write the grow guides I just provided a link to them, maybe you should comment to the author? The grow guides have lots of good info even if some of the terminology is dated.

    have a peaceful day,

  9. ganjafish Says:

    i think growing is much easier than buying all the time and selling is a wate of time unless you know a lot of pot heads or firdt timers. and it gives you a way lower risk of getting caught.

  10. Gidday,
    I just picked my plant which someone was raising for me as I was not home much, anyway the the plant is 45cm high, looking good accept for a few leaves have been a little eaten by some bug, the plant was bought up amongst sqush pumpkins. Now my question is how should I treat my plant now I have it home, indoors with me.
    Cheers Daz

  11. Hi Daz,

    Check out the marijuana forums in the links section on the right side of this blog, click on one and find some farmers to chat with they can help you.

    have a peaceful day,

  12. lil devie Says:

    hav you seen the glass bulbs you fill with water and press it into the soil and it can keep a plant watered for up to 2 weeks? would this work for growing bud?

  13. Dope is a common name for cannabis in europe, it never refers to heroin here. Thats probably why it is called that in some of the guides.

    Although I agree that it is a horrible name.

  14. randy smith Says:

    i for one have been growing for going on 30 years and every year not only have i had my own free stash but plenty of extra cash to go along with it. the secret to growing and being able to sell what u grow is all about the people u trust. i only sell to 4 people all 4 of them have bought off me since the beginning and they are people that id trust with my life much less my stash i’m pulling in close to 5000 a week on nothing but marijuana sells the chances of everybody growing and the buy/sell market deminishing are slim to none.all legalization of marijauna would do is hurt the economic well being of the people who supply it even if its made legal there is always gonna be a dealer with better stuff than whats available and when u hook people up they are more than happy to do the profit making for you just make sure u surround urself with peple u know can be trusted and arent new to this game and you will be fine. people have been doing this stuff under the noses of our government for years and if treated as careful as it should be treated you’ll never be put in a position where u have to worry about tht. for instance dont grow weed where neighbors are going to see it(duh)and NEVER i repeat never sell anything to a minor yes marijauna may not be nearly as harmful as other drugs but kids who dont know how to act about the situation are the main reason herbal growers get put away. akid gets caught with a jay at school and freaks and rats on everybody he knows to try to save his own ass. if ur real to the game u know the risks u are taking by selling day to day its ur own choice to put urself in that position so u should never bring the names of anyone up for any reason if u get caught its personal stupidity like i said ive been growing for 30 years ive had cops within 10 feet of the barn i grow in and yet not once have i been caught becuz im not open with just anybody about what i do . keep ur friends close and ur enemys closer as long as u observe ur enemys more than they are observing you than u will always be a step ahead

  15. @ randy smith
    Your comment is soo true my dude


  17. some great resources out there. growing marijuana outdoors kicks indoors butt in terms of quality. keep growing outdoors lads!!!

  18. Kat Dempsey Says:

    I heard that germinating the seeds is best done in Febuary. When is the best time to plant them? Two weeks?

  19. Great read, I just posted a review on on grow light sets

  20. Lots of nostalgia here. One of the joys in this life too many people will never know is watching those horny females mature and ready themselves for harvest. Shouldn’t be illegal to do it just for the pleasure of watching, nurturing, harvesting. I quit using the stuff decades ago, haven’t grown any in a longer time than most of your readers have been alive, but I do miss it. Thanks for the time-warp. Gracias, Jules

  21. Billy Stark Says:

    I have grown a few times outdoors in the past, guerilla style. It is an unbelievable thrill, but dangerous in some states. Some things I have observed: Condition and quality of the soil is key; limit your visits-this takes willpower because when you see the progress from the previous visit it can blow your mind.

    Have numerous sites because when you guerilla farm, its a numbers game. If you want bud to last through the year, you will have to have some luck and alot of sites. I would recommend at least a dozen.

    In most areas, your plants will need some shade. Be careful not to expose them to a whole day’s sunlight. I found that if I planted in an old barn yard, I did not need to water as much and they could take more sun. Once the plants get a foothold, so they are not overtaken by weeds, you may not need to come back until you pull your males. Letting other weeds grow up around your plants increases your safety and the obscurity of the plants. If you are in inferior soil, you may need to make more trips.

    I did a few dumb things, too! Such as making more trips just to have something to smoke. I did notice that as the plant became more mature, what I was cutting from the plant gradually become more smokable. (not advisable-in many areas July and August are the driest times for both water and bud for purchase). I do not believe these trimmings hurt the plants. You dramatically increase your risk and expose your location more as such things as trails get more apparent. Use impediments to block your trails whenever possible and do not go to your site the same way twice.

    You can use mulch, but it will expose your plants more, as other weeds tend to die off around them.

    There were a few plants from the barn yard that got over 10′ tall and I got a couple pounds of some incredible bud from some of these plants. This was in the lower midwest. The height could be a problem, but in this case the subterfuge in that barn yard was just as high; therefore, I believe that if you find similar type weeds and soil conditions in a vacant field or bullpen, it could be an excellent planting location.

    I remember one friday night in early October going to harvest from one of my locations. The local high school football team was playing about a mile away. I could hear the crowd and see the glow of the lights. 3/4 of the town was there. I can’t describe the feeling. I was there for about 30 minutes. There was not one car that went down that country road when I was there. I was about 100 yards from the road.

    I remember the harvest moon one night at 3am when I was tending to my plants. It was almost romantic. Only the joy of smoking those buds exceeded the joy of being there.

    Absolutely no one knew of my exploits, yet I still lost whole plants due to the human element, most likely hunters. I would go to a site, expecting to harvest some bud. The each plant on the site was gone. I was sick! I probably planted too close to the road in that instance. Some of those plants you could smell from 100 yards away when the breeze was right. For this type of farming, I would recommend only having one mature plant in a hole when you go to harvest. Some would argue this point, but it also, I believe, increases your odds for the plant to be female (I could be wrong on this too!-my source on this was heresay). If nothing else, 1 single mature plant is much harder to detect.

    The one thing I am going to try to avoid this coming season is the 10 footers. I could see them and smell them from a longer distance than what my comfort level was.

    To be safe, try to limit your visits to 4-6 and when you go in be all business by getting in and getting the hell out. Its mostly all bad that can happen by you hanging around.

    I would consider myself an intermediate as far as my experience as a guerilla farmer. Please let me know if you think I should try other methods.

    Oh, one other thing. You will get alot of exercise if you harvest 2-10 pounds of bud in a season. I lost a good 20 pounds that summer.

    Good luck and be careful,


  22. hey how about trowing sum seed .

  23. iv been growing outdoors n indoors and find that outdoors are usally the better tasting buds they grow more natural and are more ressitant to pests

  24. Barbara Says:

    I had bubba last year that was good but was harsh. It is very difficult to smoke due to the harshness. What made this so harsh and what can I do so it won’t be harsh again?

  25. agência de publicidade…

    […]How to Grow Marijuana Outdoors – Guide to Guides « HighBoldtage[…]…

  26. thembinkosi Says:

    MORE FIRE!!!

  27. We grow outdoors and have tiny bugs that are all over the plants. They are black (and small as a pin head) Help ! hubby wants to wash them with soap & water to rub them off the plant..I think it will ruin our crop if he does this…WHAT TO DO TO GET RID OF THE PESTS ?..

  28. I live in alabama. central alabama. was wandering what good strains or a seed pack of some sort that will produce well in my climate? out door from start to finish??

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